Transhumanism and Its Critics
Much of the attention garnered by transhumanism revolves around its most expansive hopes for the technological enhancement of human life, and no such hope is loftier than immortality.
Reducing mind to brain functions, transhumanists use the metaphor of the computer to explain how the mind works, but as Steven Pinker has argued persuasively, this metaphor has serious shortcomings.
Transhumanists grapple with reproductive issues in the socioeconomic climate of today, suggesting solutions to what might normally be considered insurmountable human limitations. .
The transhumans or posthumans we may become may quite possibly share our current DNA, but technologies and cultural practices are likely to gradually render our chromosomes almost vestigial components of our individual and species identity.
In narratives of human existence, technology often plays a dual role as a catalyst of the human subject’s actions towards a fulfilling existence, or as an enemy of social cohesion and the preservation of culture.
Transhumanism does not say we will create posthumans, rather, it makes a moral claim: We ought to create posthumans. Creating posthumans is our best bet for avoiding harm.
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